Below you will find detailed information on native plants of every kind, the habitats in which they are found, their habits, propogation, and guides to their maintenance and care. These lists have been complied over many years by our team of professional horticulturists, landscape designers, botanists, and industry professionals.
A search was done for NJ plants from the USDA database. The following fields were collected and cleaned up.
The results are in the following sortable/searchable/filterable Excel files.
New Jersey is a big and various state, with many diverse and ecosystems displaying a wide variety of native flora. To help you navigate this vast array of plants, select the appropriate link below to find plants native to your New Jersey county. These lists are based on USDA database.
Please note-change: Originally Union county list included all plants with its native status indicated in the last column. It has been changed to only include native species which is the case for all the other counties. (3/24/2013)
These lists can serve as a guide for selecting trees for your area. They were compiled from the US Department of Agriculture Plants Database.
In each Excel file, first tab (sheet) lists all the plants. Subsequent tabs each give plants only in the specified county. Each sheet gives the scientific name, common name, and list of all counties the plant is found in.
Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas Booklet on the web. This amazing text is available for free download, very inexpensive hardcopy order and online access interface. It includes many invasive species and non-natives that are often used in landscape plantings. The best thing is that NATIVE ALTERNATIVES are also listed when you look up a specific species. Trees, shrubs and perennials are listed. Here is the link.
Below are articles and lists giving guidance on the best locations for and habits of native plants and wildflowers.
Plants That Attract Hummingbirds from NWF (5/16/03)
The U.S. Department of Agriculture database is the most comprehensive and up-to-date srouce for native plant information.
Here, you can search for plants by scientific and common name, find out about native ranges for plants, and get advice on habit, horticulture, and botany.
Information is for all states, including New Jersey.
Scientifc name: Sanguinaria canadensis
The single bloodroot leaf and flower each rise on a separate stem, and at first the leaf completely enwraps the flower bud. The clear, white, many-petaled blossom may open before the leaf has completely unwrapped, rising slightly above the leaf to a height of 6-10 in. Leaves, which are large, round and deeply cleft, eventually reach a height of 12-14 in. On a smooth stalk a solitary white flower, with a golden-orange center, grows beside a lobed basal leaf that often curls around the stalk. Roots and stem with acrid red-orange juice (from www.wildflower.org).
Native throughout Northern New Jersey in rich, dry, often rocky shaded ground of mixed deciduous woods, slopes, roadsides, and watersides.
Blooms late March through Late April
Fruit appears Late June.
This fragile spring flower develops and rises from the center of its curled leaf, opening in full sun, and closing at night. Like most members of the Poppy Family, it lasts for a relatively short time. The red juice from the underground stem was used by Indians as a dye for baskets, clothing, and war paint, as well as for insect repellent. The generic name, from the Latin sanguinarius, means bleeding.
Bloodroots spread rapidly and make an excellent ground cover. Mulch the plants with a thin layer of deciduous leaves during the winter. Effective as groundcover around the base of trees, seeds dispersed by ants (from www.wildflower.org).